Author: CONDREA Victoria, PhD student in psychology

 

            Abstract:

            The evolution and development of humanity in the last decades, along with the technological modernization and innovation, predicts the multidimensional facilitation of human living conditions. But, paradoxically, the increase in material comfort leads to a decrease in psychological comfort due to the body's inability to adapt to the nowadays dizzyingly rapid changes. After centuries and millennia of slow evolution, this inability can become a promoter of acute and chronic stress. Our study is aimed to elucidate the relationship between hostility as a personality factor (characterized by a level of chronic stress) and eating behaviour. We found that there is a significant association between the degree of hostility and several eating behaviours such as: anger in case of starvation, increased appetite, food as a reward, feeling of guilt after consuming unhealthy food, choosing food according to taste or nutritional properties and stress binge eating.

 

Keywords: hostility, stress, eating behaviour, compensation.

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Author: Ruxandra ȘTERBEȚ

Abstract

The effect of anxiety on dietary intake of humans has been investigated through a number of laboratory, clinical and cross-sectional studies; no prior study, however, has examined potential associations between anxiety and overall dietary patterns. This research paper is focused on the question how people with anxiety can experience several eating behavioural disorders. In the majority of cases, anxiety is not the only thing a man or woman suffers with, it is often a cooccurring disorder with an eating disorder [Yannakoulia, 2008]. Aim of the present study was to describe dietary patterns in relation to anxiety trait in a nationally representative sample of Moldovan adults. This paper explores seven variables related to eating habits such as: dietary patterns (1), persistent appetite (2), food as a reward (3), sense of guilt after normal feeding (4) or after eating junk (unhealthy) food (5), stress associated with overeating or binge eating (6), feelings of anger in case of starvation (7). We have found that subjects with a low level of anxiety disorder adopt healthier eating habits than individuals with a high level of anxiety. By all counts, and with proven results , it is no wonder that more anxious, compared to less anxious, men and women exhibited different dietary patterns, eating attitudes and behaviors towards food as a coping mechanism to the prejudice of intrapersonal and interpersonal relationships.

Keywords: anxiety, eating disorder, stress, eating habits, dietary patterns

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